Emerging microscopy techniques for pediatric vocal fold evaluation

Chapter 41

  • Caroline Boudoux
  • Fouzi Benboujja
  • Romain Deterre
  • Mathias Strupler
  • Jordan Garcia
  • Christopher J. Hartnick
Keywords: pediatric VF imaging, emerging medical imaging technologies, OCT, confocal microscopy, nonlinear microscopy, endoscopy


Understanding vocal fold (VF) structure and development is primordial in developing new methods to prevent and treat pathologies. Optical microscopy techniques have the potential to impact the field of pediatric laryngology through their ability to non-invasively image sub-surface structures with high resolution and contrast. In this chapter, we describe and discuss three optical imaging modalities for applications to clinical laryngology: optical coherence tomography (OCT), reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM), and nonlinear microscopy (NLM).