The Russian NBI® endoscopy experience. A modern method in early differential diagnostics of laryngeal benign and malignant mucosal changes

Chapter 43

  • Ekaterina V. Osipenko
  • Natalia M. Kotelnikova
Keywords: NBI® endoscopy, larynx cancer, pre-cancerous states, neoplasms, early diagnostics


Here we discuss the significance and the effectiveness of NBI® endoscopy in the early differential diagnostics of laryngeal tumors and vascularized lesions, based on our NBI® experience at The Federal Research Clinical Centre of Otorhinolaryngology in Moscow, Russia. We conclude that this novel optical technology is of paramount significance in the early identification of pathological (malignant and viral) changes in the laryngeal structures.