3D video reconstructions of vocal folds in extreme heavy metal (growl) singing from HSDP

Chapter 49

  • Jarosław Sova
  • Jarosław Kijewski
  • Matthew Blanco
  • Krzysztof Izdebski
Keywords: growl, extreme vocalization, 3-D reconstruction, HSDP


The aim of this study was to present a 3D digital reconstruction of vocal fold kinematics in production of extreme vocalization known as growl, used by extreme heavy metal performers. The results show remarkable contribution to sound production by the vertical and lateral motions of the supraglottic structures.